ST. PETERSBURG, Russia, 2 August 2013 — This is the last round of talks at the 4th meeting of the U.S.-Russia Bilateral Presidential Commission (BPC) Sub-Group on Mass Media. I had the privilege to be invited to the event, which took place in this city, rich in history and culture.
It was on this day that I presented on “citizen journalism,” one component of what we refer to as “backpack video journalism.” I defined backpack video journalism, in its purest form, as such:
Backpack video journalism is the craft of one properly trained practitioner using a hand-held digital video camera to tell character-driven stories in a more immediate, more intimate fashion than is achievable using a conventional, shoulder-held camera and a team that includes camera person, sound person, correspondent and producer. It intends to impact public opinion by participating in the dialogue that we call journalism. Because of changes in the technology used to create journalism, changes in methods of content delivery to the audience, and economic pressures to streamline news-gathering costs, video journalism has arrived as an alternative process for creating documentary-style narrative journalism.
Though Russian media employ video, its use does not seem to have permeated the culture as much as it has in the United States. Perhaps this is a function of the fact that the Russian culture is so steeped in literature.
For my presentation, I pulled some statistics from YouTube to impress on the attendants the ubiquitous nature of video in American, and other, cultures. Check out these numbers, which I read to the delegation:
- More than 1 billion unique users visit YouTube each month
- Over 6 billion hours of video are watched each month on YouTube—that’s almost an hour for every person on Earth, and 50% more than last year
- 100 hours of video are uploaded to YouTube every minute
- 70% of YouTube traffic comes from outside the US
- YouTube is localized in 56 countries and across 61 languages
- According to Nielsen, YouTube reaches more US adults ages 18-34 than any cable network
- Millions of subscriptions happen each day, and the number of people subscribing has more than doubled since last year.
To drive home the points I made during the presentation, I screened two pieces made by Cuban students during one of my video journalism workshops in Havana, during fall semester 2011. You can see the videos here:
These two films cut straight to the heart of why we filmmakers do what we do. We do it because of an insatiable need to communicate. To connect. To Create. To share. To have an impact. And video is increasingly the medium with which citizens of the world choose to do so.
Because of the deep historical, economic and political ties between the former Soviet Union and Cuba, I feel the films resonated deeply with our Russian hosts, who proved to be extraordinarily gracious and generous. I am forever thankful to them for a deeply gratifying visit.
(Photo by Bill Gentile.)